God commanded his followers not to kill. Abortion is the killing of an unborn human that exists in a state of life. So for those who sign up to Divine Command Theory, abortion under any circumstances is wrong.
Abortion services are largely value- neutral. Because abortion is legal, the rights or wrongs of abortion are considered irrelevant.
In most countries hospital staff may refuse to perform or assist at abortions under a conscience clause. Some authorities insist that providing a "core health service" takes precedence over a right to choose not to participate.
In general, Hindu and Buddhist belief is that a human life begins at the moment of conception. Whether an abortion is performed to end a pregnancy or not, depends on the moral and ethical views of the people involved.
Ethical influences on decisions about who lives and who dies covers a vast area of knowledge. Modern abortion practice on a large scale coincided with the general abandonment of the Hippocratic Oath and the adoption of a pervasive secular humanism in public medical bureaucracies.
Pragmatic secular humanism is largely value-neutral and provides the most compatible environment for the smooth functioning of public abortion services.
In this bureaucratic ethos, the rights or wrongs of abortion, are irrelevant issues. The ethical and moral aspects are legion. From Ethics to Politics - Christian Munthe, Professor of Philosophy at the Centre for Research Ethics in Sweden, examines the ethical considerations influencing "conservative and pragmatic" viewpoints.
He analyses the implications for individual morality and public policy. The Gradualist Positionwhich considers abortion to be progressively more wrong or evil as the developing human grows, is frequently employed by abortion-rights advocates to justify first-trimester abortions.
The Callahans themselves mirror this debate in their own marriage: Neither of us has remained unchanged by the other.
A person has value to the extent of how he or she can usefully function. According to Singer, a foetus cannot function usefully, and therefore as non-persons, are of limited value and can be disposed of.
He also applies this to infants. Singer concedes that if anti-abortionists could convincingly prove that foetuses were individual human persons, then abortion would be murder and should be outlawed.
He believes that is not about to happen. There are significant variations on this theme within the Christian churches, but there is a general recognition that abortion is a very serious moral matter. Eastern Religions The general Buddhist belief about rebirth is that at conception three things come together - the sperm, the egg, and the karmic force that is the effect of a previous life.
Basically this means that Buddhists believe that a human life begins at the moment of conception. However at the same time the people concerned with causing the abortion say the woman, doctors etc. Most Buddhists would feel that abortion is wrong in principle, or at least very regrettable, but one should always examine the circumstances and allow for exceptions, and not be condemning of those who arrive at a different conclusion.
Hindu According to the Caraka Samhita, a Hindu medical text, the soul is already joined with matter in the act of conception. Though there are a few differing traditions on this matter the Garbha Upanishad claims that ensoulment takes place in the seventh monththey are considered to be based on weaker evidence, and the mainstream of Hindu thought coincides with the position that the soul is present from conception.
Hindu ideology made an exception however, when abortion became necessary to save the life of the mother. The Susruta Samhita, another Hindu medical text, describes a procedure to induce birth during complications in the pregnancy.
The ultimate objective is, of course, saving the mother and the baby. However, in the event that this is not a possibility, the text affirms, saving the mother takes precedence, and an abortion is justified.
Differing Christian Viewpoints While the vast majority of Christians would consider abortion to be the taking of innocent life, and therefore contrary to Biblical teaching, the Bible has been used by various groups to both condone and condemn abortion.
However, Christians almost universally believe that children are a blessing - a gift from God. God alone gives life, they believe, and only He should take it away.
Within the Christian Church there is generally a desire to follow and apply the teachings of the Bible. Generally the Church is united in its condemnation of abortion as most Christians believe abortion violates the commandment which prohibits murderous acts. Planned Parenthood has formed a Religious Coalition for Choice of ministers who support abortion, even appointing a chaplain, Rev.
Ignacio Castuera, to "articulate the spiritual dimensions of sexuality and reproduction. This teaching has not changed and remains unchangeable.Abortion is an ethical, social and moral issue around the world.
Abortion results in the loss of an innocent human life, it can also be considered a form of genocide, and it devalues the life of a child that may have an abnormality. · Abortion and Moral Theory L. W.
Sumner Published by Princeton University Press Sumner, W.. abortion from a moral theory.
If utilitarianism is the foundation in the calculation of social utility; to lack moral standing is to have one's utility (if any) excluded. As befits a theory schwenkreis.com Whether an abortion is performed to end a pregnancy or not, depends on the moral and ethical views of the people involved.
Ethical influences on decisions about schwenkreis.com ©— Bioethics Research Library Box Washington DC schwenkreis.com The ethical and practical aspects of abortion The ethical standing of induced abortion in human mothers has become an important question.
as an individual and/or as a member of a social group; and finally moral agency – the capacity to regulate one's own action through moral principles or ideals.
· The issue of abortion hinges on the question of personhood. Nearly everyone believes that persons have a special moral status: Taking the life of another schwenkreis.com