He described the subject as he understood it at that time but also as he wished it to be understood later.
He chose to abbreviate his name to Sigmund Freud when he was twenty-one years old.
His father, a wool merchant, bore two children before marrying for a third time to Freud's mother who was twenty years younger than Freud? While Freud was the first of eight children by the couple, he displayed his brilliance at a young age and gained the favoritism of his parents. As a result, his poor parents sacrificed a great deal financially to provide him with a proper education.
Despite the family's economic struggles, Freud graduated from high school with honors. He then attended the University of Vienna where he studied medicine and was first introduced to psychodynamics, a theory used to determine the psychological forces of human behavior PsychologistWorld.
While medical school paved the way for the beginning of his career, this well-known psychologist, also worked in the fields of neurology, philosophy, psychiatry, psychology, psychoanalysis, and literature.
His most famous work, The Interpretation of Dreams, describes some of his most famous theories about the mind and the unconscious such as dream symbolism and interpretation, wish-fulfillment. It also mentions his famous theories of the Id, Ego, and Superego Chiriac. The Scientific Literature Dealing with the Problems of Dreams In the first chapter of his book, Freud cites psychologists, scientists, and philosophers and their theories concerning dreams.
He provides an analysis for the literature of past psychologists, whose topics of study range from the relation of dreams to the waking life to internal and external stimuli associated with dreams. He analyzes why dreams are often forgotten after one wakes, explains how one?
The Method of Interpreting Dreams: An Analysis of a Specimen Dream In this chapter, Freud refutes the common scientific theories that assert that dreams can be read or understood.
Rather, he argues that all dreams are open to interpretation since, by scientific definition, dreams are composed of symbols and symbols often represent abstractions.
The Dream as Wish-Fulfilment Freud discusses many different dream scenarios including one of his own dream experiences in which he dreams about drinking lots of water and consequently wakes himself because he is thirsty.
He experimented with this particular dream by eating plenty of salty foods during the day in order to summon the need to drink water later that night.
He cites another scientist who explains that the sensation of thirst might be one of the strongest sensations associated with the dream state and that the sleeper, upon waking, feels disappointment when he or she realizes that the imaginary refreshment has not quenched their actual thirst.
Distortion in Dreams Freud discusses dreams as wish-fulfillment in this chapter and also explains why dreams that are frightening are actually wish-fulfillments. He explains that all symbols, images, words, etc. Freud explains that dreams can never been deduced or understood entirely because there is always a censor also known as the Ego that blocks the sleeper from understanding his or her dreams.
The Material and Sources of Dreams In this chapter, Freud analyses the parallels between some of his own dreams and his real life experiences. He also addresses the ways in which dreams can refer to the preceding day, the past few weeks, or even years past.
He also addresses how early past experiences in one? Freud also explains some of the most common dreams such as the fear of being naked in public and the fear of losing a loved one. The Dream-Work Freud explains in this chapter that all dreams are merely condensed versions of a plethora of one?
He also explains that the central message or meaning behind a dream is also disguised from the sleeper; he posits that it may be that the background images, the secondary characters, etc.
The Psychology of the Dream-Processes In this chapter, Freud explains that people cannot always recollect every occurrence in a dream. Because of this, we instead recall fragments of our dreams and try to interpret them, yet these interpretations are often fabricated because we tend to embellish our recollections of our dreams without even realizing it.
We substitute blurry areas with images or thoughts that make sense or we can try to substitute-in ideas that do not seem to make sense to us; nevertheless, this is still fabrication Freud.
Id, Ego, Superego According to Freud, the human psyche is composed of three parts: The Id, Ego, and Superego. He asserts that all people are born with their Id, the pleasure-principle component of our psyche, and that we develop our Id as infants.
The id works by providing us with desires for all types of things in the case of infants, the id desires food, warmth, etc.
The main goal of the id is to satisfy the person? Freud argues that the id is entirely hidden away in the unconscious Wagner.
Once the person grows to approximately three years of age, it starts to develop its Ego, or the reality-principle component of the human psyche.
The ego tries to balance the pleasure-seeking impulses of the id because the ego realizes that there are other people in the world and it is important to have their desires satisfied, as well. The ego also attempts to balance the rigidly moral tendencies of the superego see below in order to provide the human with some satisfactions in life and prevent the human from becoming overly judgmental.
The ego is partially hidden away in the unconscious.
Around the age of five or six, the person finally develops their Supergo, the morality-principle component of the human psyche. The superego acts as an antithesis to the id by placing moral and ethical constraints on the human.
The superego is often thought of as the human? Freud would argue that the superego is partially hidden away in the unconscious, but is also part of the human preconscious and conscious; thus, it can be accessed by the human mind Wagner.
Once can argue that repressed images of this incident emerged in some moments of her stories such as At Fault, when Hosmer considers jumping in front of a train as a way out.The Psychopathology of Everyday Life is an interesting, accessible book demonstrating the existence of the psyche in the most mundane of circumstances, such as when having a /5().
Aug 07, · This lecture introduces students to the theories of Sigmund Freud, including a brief biographical description and his contributions to the field of psychology. New Introductory Lectures on Psycho-Analysis Of the various English translations of Freud's major works to appear in his lifetime, only one was authorized by Freud himself: The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud under the general editorship of James Strachey.
I found many of the biographical articles interesting in relation to Freud’s theories of psychoanalysis and psychosexual development. - Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory and Method Sigmund Freud was the creator of Psychoanalysis which means analysis of the mind, Freud developed specific methods of analysing, all of them concentrating on the unconscious mind.