Most of us who follow the mysteries are aware that huge numbers of carcasses of extinct megafauna, notably mammoths, have been found preserved in the permafrost of Siberia — the victims, it has been suggested, of some great cataclysm near the end of the last Ice Age. Most of us are also probably aware that similar claims have been made for Alaska; however, the evidence there has received less attention. It is this mystery, the so-called terminal Ice Age cataclysm and megafaunal extinctions of Alaska, that I want to take a look at here — hopefully with your help.
Consisting of one great chamber and two passageways, it is located near Sarlat on a hillside in Montignac, in the Dordogne region of southwest France.
The 17,year-old painting are rendered with great skill, incorporating the contours of the caves and displaying some of the first known use of perspective, a technique that was not rediscovered until the Golden Age of Greece, as well as shadowing, highlighting, stenciling, and Pointillism.
The artists used powdered colors, brushes and stumping clothes and spit pigment out of their mouth. Based on the hand prints left in the caves, the artists including males and females of all ages and even babies.
After Picasso visited the cave in the s was he reportedly emerged and exclaimed: After finding the paintings by climbing through a hole revealed by a fallen tree, with their dog Robot, the boys swore one another to secrecy.
Later they informed their schoolmaster, who had to squeeze into a narrow passage to see the cave. Later still a 24 hour guard was placed at the entrance. One of the four boys worked for many years as a guide to the caves. On its website the International Committee for Preservation of Lascaux notes: Modern Human Origins modernhumanorigins.
Evolution of Modern Humans anthro. Animal figures include red deer stags swimming across a lake, shaggy horses running in a line, four huge bullsthree time life size as well as wild goats, enormous hunch-backed cattle and two-horned woolly rhinoceroses.
There are 60 horses. One is 10 feet long and has a mysterious branched symbol near the front legs.
In the Rotunda there is a procession of animals with two long-horned wild cattle. Some figures are 17 feet long. Two bisons dancing butt to butt are each four feet long. The only image of a human is a man with a bird mask with a large beak and a long, skinny erect penis.
Thought to be a shaman of some sort, he is being charged by a bison with a spear in its stomach and its intestines hanging out. One can only speculate as to the meaning of recurring geometric symbols. Painters at Lascaux Cave The paintings were made early homo sapiens, using animal fat lamps to light the cave and scaffolding to reach the cave ceiling.
The "paints" came from brown, reddish-brown, yellow, black and white minerals; and it appears they were mixed and heated to get the best shading. The painting themselves were made by rubbing these minerals along the rock. On their skill the German film director Werner Herzog said, We should never forget the dexterity of these people.
They were capable of creating a flute. It is a high-tech procedure to carve a piece of mammoth ivory and split it in half without breaking it, hollow it out, and realign the halves.
We have one indicator of how well their clothing was made. In a cave in the Pyrenees, there is a handprint of a child maybe four or five years old.
The hand was apparently held by his mother or father, and ocher was spit against it to get the contours and you see part of the wrist and the contours of a sleeve. The sleeve is as precise as the cuffs of your shirt.
The precision of the sleeve is stunning. After World War II they decided to open the caves to the public as a way to make money. They enlarged the entrance, built steps and replaced the original sediment with concrete flooring.
Hordes of tourists showed up. The wear and tear of breathing, heat producing human beings was too much for the 17,year-old paintings, which were assaulted by growths of mold, fungus, microbes, black spots, bacteria and algae.
Lascaux Caves was closed in to all but those with best academic and press credentials. A beautifully-created replica of the two most famous rooms, called Lascaux II, was built a few hundred meters away from the original. But now so many people have visited the reconstruction it too needs restoration work.
The cave was closed in after green mould started to appear. This was followed in the late s by the emergence of a white fungus, Fusarium solani. The bug either infiltrated the cave through a new ventilation system or during work during heavy rain to install it.PLOS Biology provides an Open Access platform to showcase your best research and commentary across all areas of biological science..
Submit Now. schwenkreis.com: News analysis, commentary, and research for business technology professionals. Woolly Mammoth Found Under Michigan Soybean Field By Dominique Mosbergen The extinct creature is believed to have roamed the Earth between 10, and 15, years ago.
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