A 5 page paper looking at this important German writer of the twentieth century in terms of the Jewish context of his works. The paper argues that his frequent allusions to deformity, illness, and guilt mirror his own self-perception, resulting from the anti-Semitic stereotypes of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Bibliography lists five sources. The paper shows how this extremely complex story unfolds like a nightmare and actually functions as a kind of modern myth.
This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. March Learn how and when to remove this template message Painting by Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres depicting Oedipus after he solves the riddle of the Sphinx.
Many parts or elements of the myth of Oedipus occur before the opening scene of the play, although some are alluded to in the text.
Oedipus is the son of Laius and Jocastathe king and queen of Thebes. The misfortunes of his house are the result of a curse laid upon his father for violating the sacred laws of hospitality. Laius seduced or abducted and raped Chrysippus, who according to some versions, killed himself in shame.
When his son is born, the king consults an oracle as to his fortune. To his horror, the oracle reveals that Laius "is doomed to perish by the hand of his own son". Unable to kill her own son, Jocasta orders a servant to slay the infant for her.
The servant then exposes the infant on a mountaintop, where he is found and rescued by a shepherd in some versions, the servant gives the infant to the shepherd.
The shepherd names the child Oedipus"swollen feet", as his feet had been tightly bound by Laius. The shepherd brings the infant to Corinthand presents him to the childless king Polybuswho raises Oedipus as his own son. As he grows to manhood, Oedipus hears a rumour that he is not truly the son of Polybus and his wife, Merope.
He asks the Delphic Oracle who his parents really are. Desperate to avoid this terrible fate, Oedipus, who still believes that Polybus and Merope are his true parents, leaves Corinth for the city of Thebes. On the road to Thebes, Oedipus encounters Laius and his retainers, and the two quarrel over whose chariot has the right of way.
The Theban king moves to strike the insolent youth with his sceptre, but Oedipus, unaware that Laius is his true father, throws the old man down from his chariot, killing him.
Thus, Laius is slain by his own son, and the prophecy that the king had sought to avoid by exposing Oedipus at birth is fulfilled. Before arriving at Thebes, Oedipus encounters the Sphinxa legendary beast with the head and breast of a woman, the body of a lioness, and the wings of an eagle.
The Sphinx was sent to the road approaching Thebes as a punishment from the gods, and would strangle any traveler who failed to answer a certain riddle. The precise riddle asked by the Sphinx varied in early traditions, and is not stated in Oedipus Rex, as the event precedes the play; but the most widely-known version is, "what is the creature that walks on four legs in the morning, two legs at noon, and three in the evening?
Bested by the prince, the Sphinx throws herself from a cliff, thereby ending the curse. Plot[ edit ] P. Oedipus, King of Thebes, sends his brother-in-law, Creon, to ask advice of the oracle at Delphiconcerning a plague ravaging Thebes. Creon returns to report that the plague is the result of religious pollution, since the murderer of their former king, Laiushas never been caught.
Oedipus vows to find the murderer and curses him for causing the plague. Oedipus summons the blind prophet Tiresias for help. Outraged, Tiresias tells the king that Oedipus himself is the murderer "You yourself are the criminal you seek".
Oedipus cannot see how this could be, and concludes that the prophet must have been paid off by Creon in an attempt to undermine him. Eventually Tiresias leaves, muttering darkly that when the murderer is discovered he shall be a native citizen of Thebes, brother and father to his own children, and son and husband to his own mother.
The King demands that Creon be executed; however, the chorus persuades him to let Creon live. Jocasta enters and attempts to comfort Oedipus, telling him he should take no notice of prophets.
As proof, she recounts an incident in which she and Laius received an oracle which never came true.However, the illustration also shows Jocasta, who probably would not be at Oedipus' blinding in the play, and also shows Oedipus' children, whom we do not know were characters in the play at all.
 Several fragments appear to involve the characters' reactions to the revelations in the play. Search the history of over billion web pages on the Internet.
Gustave Moreau: Oedipus and the Sphinx, A depiction of Oepidus confronting the Sphinx. By answering her riddle correctly, he became King of Thebes and won the hand of the widowed Queen (having no idea that she was his mother).
Character of Oedipus in Sophocles’ "Oedipus The King" / The Struggle: In 5 pages the author discusses Oedipus in "Oedipus the King" by Sophocles. Oedipus is like an adopted child trying to meet his birth parents, although his is not the case.
The Libation Bearers by Aeschylus, King Oedipus by Sophocles and Hamlet by William Shakespeare are domestic tragedies in which the dead father plays a central role. In the three plays, the father of the tragic hero is murdered and his restless soul. Reasoning, Intellect, Inquiry, and Measurement in Oedipus the King Essay - Oedipus Rex Sophocles is able to accomplish to achieve several objectives in his play, Oedipus the King.
Sophocles magnificently retells a classic Greek tale while also describing the characters and their motives in great detail.