Navaratri Diwali Diwali is the festival of lights for Hindus and Sikhs. The celebration lasts for five days and is marked by sweets, fireworks and lights. It celebrates the triumph of good, light and knowledge over evil, darkness and ignorance.
Names[ edit ] This is an idol of Durga Goddess also known as Parvati. Hindus worship idols and this is one of it which is hugely celebrated among the Hindus. This photo was captured at Ram Krishna Ashram Rishra at the third day of the four-day celebration.
Durga Durga is an ancient deity of Hinduism, according to archeological and textual evidence available. However, the origins of Durga Puja are unclear and undocumented. Surviving manuscripts from the 14th century provide guidelines for Durga Puja, while historical records suggest royalty and wealthy families were sponsoring major Durga Puja public festivities since at least the 16th century.
The temple inscription has been dated by modern methods to CE. Durga was likely well established before the time this Hindu text was composed, which scholars variously estimate to between and CE. Durga calmly understands and counters the evil in order to achieve her solemn goals.
Durga puja festival holidays prominent mention of Durga in this popular epics may have led to her worship. The King Suratha legend found in some version of the Puranas mention it to be a spring festival, while the Devi-Bhagavata Purana and two other Shakta Puranas mention it to be an autumn festival.
The more ancient Ramayana manuscripts are also inconsistent. Versions of Ramayana found in North, West and South India describe the Hindu god Rama to be remembering the Surya the Sun god before his battle with the demon Ravana, but the Bengali manuscripts of Ramayana such as by the 15th century Krttivasa describe Rama to be worshipping Durga.
The festival begins with Mahalaya, a day where Shakta Hindus remember the loved ones who have died, as well the advent of Durga. On the seventh day Saptamieighth Ashtami and ninth Navamithe goddess along with Lakshmi, Saraswati, Ganesha and Kartikeya are revered and these days mark the main Puja worship with recitation of the scriptures, the legends of Durga in Devi Mahatmya and social visits by families to elaborately decorated and lighted up temples and pandals theatre like stages.
David Kinsley  The Durga festival is, in part, a post-monsoon harvest festival observed on the same days in Shaktism tradition of Hinduism, as those in its other traditions.
According to David Kinsley, a professor of Religious Studies specializing on Hindu goddesses, this probably signifies the Hindu belief that the goddess is "not merely the power inherent in the growth of crops but the power inherent in all vegetation".
However, it is also observed by some Shakta Hindus as a private, home-based festival. This is typically also the day that the eyes of all deities on the Durga Puja stage are painted, bringing them to a life like appearance.
It is called Sasthi literally, sixththe goddess is welcomed, festive Durga worship and celebrations begin in elaborately decorated temples and pandals hosting the statues. Problems playing this file? The puja rituals are long and complicated.
Three days of Mantras words for spiritual transformationShlokas verse chants and Arati prayer and offerings are made, which include Vedic chants and multiple recitations of the Devi Mahatmya text in Sanskrit. According to the sloka, Durga is omnipresent as the embodiment of power, nourishment, memory, forbearance, faith, forgiveness, intellect, wealth, emotions, desires, beauty, satisfaction, righteousness, fulfillment and peace.
Typically completed on the sixth day as well. The day is significant because the moment when it ends and ninth day begins is considered the moment Durga kills the buffalo demon, the good once again emerges victorious over evil. It is done at the exact time Mahashtami ends and Mahanavami begins, with rituals being performed for the last 24 minutes of Mahashtami and for the first 24 minutes of Mahanavami.
The legend behind Sandhi Puja comes from when Durga was engaged in a fierce battle with Mahishasura and was attacked by the demons Chanda and Munda. In some regions, devotees sacrifice an animal such as a buffalo or goat, but in many regions there isn't an actual animal sacrifice and a symbolic remembrance substitutes it.
The surrogate effigy is smeared in red vermilion to symbolize the blood spilled. Major sites celebrating Durga Puja engage in a sixteen part devotional service. The community begins merry making, music, dancing and women playfully smear the faces of their companions with sindoor vermilionall as a mark of the victory of good over evil.
The other deities on the stage, such as Ganesha, Kartikeya, Lakshmi and Saraswati are remembered and prayers offered to them. Since sindoor is like an ornament for married women, this ritual signifies them wishing each other a happy married life.
They also offer bhog to the goddess. It ends with a great procession where the clay statues are ceremoniously walked to a river or ocean coast for a solemn goodbye to Durga.
It is an emotional day for some devotees, and the congregation sings emotional goodbye songs.Only the secular holidays of Republic Day, Independence Day and Mahatma Gandhi's Birthday are observed nationally. Public holidays in India tend to be observed on a strictly regional basis.
The ceremonies of Durga Puja are centred on the worship of the Hindu goddess Durga who is iconically depicted as a a armed mother-goddess with her four children standing nearby. Durga Puja is also a time of family reunions and appreciation of the cultural heritage of the Bengali people.
Durga Puja is the greatest festival of the Bengalis and is dedicated to the worship of Goddess Durga. Indianholiday offers you online information Durga Puja and the destinations covered.
The Dashain Festival is also celebrated by Hindus and Nepalese in practically every other part of the planet where they live.
In Nepal, Dashain is the longest and most notable festival on the calendar, and many Nepalese expatriates actually return to Nepal specifically to observe Dashain Festival in . Durga Puja celebrates the ten-armed mother goddess, and her victory over the evil buffalo demon Mahishasura. While celebrated across India, In West Bengal, Assam and Tripura, it is the biggest festival of the year and the most significant cultural event in Bengali Hindu society.
Durga puja holidays Durga Puja is also referred to as Sharadotsav or Durgotsav. It is a yearly Hindu festival devoted to Hindu Goddess Durga. This festival is especially famous in Odisha, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Bihar, Tripura and Assam.
It typically falls in the months of September and October according to Gregorian calendar.