Label diagrams and graphs as follows; Figure 1. In this example, the second diagram in section 1 would be referred to by " Any phrases, sentences or paragraphs which are copied unaltered must be enclosed in quotation marks and referenced by a number. Material which is not reproduced unaltered should not be in quotation marks but must still be referenced.
November 29, From Observation to Action Writing DNA is the future of science and medicine, and holds the promise of pulling us forward into a better future.
GP-write will enable scientists to move beyond observation to action, and facilitate the use of biological engineering to address many of the global problems facing humanity. As defined at this initial meeting, HGP-write is an open, international scientific research project led by a group of scientific leaders from multiple disciplines, including biology, chemistry, computational biology, engineering, social science, and ethics.
The primary goal of the project is to reduce the costs of engineering, or writing, human and other large genomes in cell lines more than 1,fold within ten years, in order to understand the blueprint for life provided by the Human Genome Project HGP-read.
On May 10,more than scientists, industry leaders, ethicists and policy makers steeped in human biology, health and synthetic biology came together in Boston for an expanded organizing meeting of HGP-write.
This meeting focused on the design and technical issues, ethical and social issues, and industry involvement of HGP-write. Based on discussions at this meeting, the GP-write Leadership Group decided to broaden the scope of the project to include all large animal and plant genomes, including the human genome, and make HGP-write one component of GP-write.
This meeting explored the concrete steps that GP-write can take to solve some of the most important problems facing humanity, including how to move from a carbon-based economy towards a biological one that is sustainable?
How to further advance cures for disease? How to responsibly communicate the risks and benefits of this project to the world? The Agenda also included the introduction of new pilot project proposals, as well as the commencement of GP-write working groups to discuss project roadmaps, including scientific direction, technology development, ethical, social and legal engagement, standards and infrastructure development, amongst others.
There were more than attendees from 10 countries at this oversubscribed meeting. The meeting participants were academic and industry scientists, ethicists, lawyers, educators, citizen scientists, artists, policymakers, technologists and lay people. This meeting also attracted a great deal of interest from the press, many of whom were on-site throughout the meeting to attend a press briefing as well as a tour of the genome foundry at the Institute for Systems Genetics at NYU Langone Health.
The October and May meetings are part of a series of scientific discussions amongst the community that have been unfolding over the past several years.
Initially, these meetings were focused on the synthesis and testing of yeast and bacterial genomes, and the future of synthetic biology. More recently, the focus has shifted to synthesis of variations within large genomes as a pathway to addressing some of the many global challenges facing humanity, including healthcare and the environment.
Funding is expected to come from public, private, philanthropic, industry and academic sources globally. Download the May Meeting Summary Responsible Innovation Genome synthesis is a natural extension of the genetic engineering tools that have been used safely within the biotechnology industry for the past 40 years and have provided significant benefits to society.
As human genome-scale synthesis appears increasingly feasible, a coordinated scientific effort to apply large genome editing technologies to such an endeavor is timely; and public discourse is both expected and encouraged. However, responsible innovation requires more than discussions on the ethical, legal and social implications ELSI ; it also involves identifying common goals important to scientists and the public through timely and detailed consultation among diverse stakeholders.
Having these conversations well in advance of any deliverable will help society better prepare for these emerging capabilities.
As such, the project infrastructure is being designed to responsibly support and advance GP-write, with a particular focus on addressing the potential risks and ethical implications of the project as they arise. For example, a percentage of all research funds could be dedicated to these issues.
Potential Benefits to Humanity The average human lifespan continues to expand as a result of advancements in science, medicine, and public health. The challenge today lies in living extended, healthy lives with minimal burden of disease — and the associated costs to society.
GP-write is uniquely positioned to address this challenge. Some applications that may arise from GP-write that could have a significant impact on human health and lifespan longevity include, but are not limited to: Growing transplantable human organs, thus saving the lives of thousands of patients globally who die waiting for donated organs from those who die from disease or accidents Engineering immunity to viruses in cell lines Engineering cancer resistance into new therapeutic cell lines Enabling high-productivity, cost-efficient vaccine and pharmaceutical development using human cells and organoids that makes precision medicine more affordable and universal GP-write is building on the knowledge and technological advances of HGP-read, and could be an equally transformative next step.
Focused on writing and building the human and other genomes, the project will generate a wealth of information connecting the sequence of nucleotide bases in DNA with their physiological properties and functional behaviors, enabling the development of safer, less costly and more effective therapeutics and a broad range of applications in other areas such as energy, agriculture, healthcare, chemicals and bioremediation.
Another proposed benefit will be the commercial development of new genomics analysis, design, synthesis, assembly and testing technologies, with the goal of making these technologies affordable and widely available to everyone.
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HOW TO WRITE A TECHNICAL REPORT by Alan Smithee A report submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for ME Some Course Department of . ABSTRACT Mechanics of writing a technical report is explained in a pseudo report format.
The purpose of this pseudo report is to explain the contents of a typical engineering report. Guide to Technical Report Writing. Download pdf version for print.
Table of contents. 1 Introduction. 2 Structure. 3 Presentation. 4 Planning the report. 5 Writing the first draft. Course Transcript - [Instructor] So you want to write a technical report. The Bureau of Labor Statistics reports a total of 49, technical writers currently and projects the employment of close.
Engineering Technical Reports. T echnical reports include various types of "technical" information. For example, if you need to report why a design or piece of equipment failed, you'd write a forensic report.
Or, you might have to write about a design you created.