The POWs were confined there between and A few died from illness or from their war wounds, but most enjoyed food and living conditions far better than they had in the deserts of North Africa or in the battlefields of Europe. International Red Cross inspectors judged their prison conditions strict but fair. These men were quickly transferred to other POW camps and were replaced by an all-German clientele.
First, one can gain information from primary sources from diaries and journals kept by POWs or their captors and guards.
Second, there are secondary sources that can give general overviews of what treatment the POWs received. Another interesting thing in learning about POWs is to compare how the prisoners were supposed to be treated in accordance with international law and how they were actually treated.
Another interesting viewpoint you can look at is to compare how countries treated prisoners differently, and subsequently, their reasoning to justify the treatment.
He experienced the Bataan Death March, transportation through marches and by rail, and was on the infamous "Hellships" when the prisoners were shipped to Japan.
His memoir reveals how he dealt with the surrounding death and torture, the lacking medical treatment, and the minimal food portions. It was there that Lawton came to the conclusion of how he would mentally survive being a prisoner.
He wrote, "The human emotions can absorb only so much grief and shock; beyond that point they must become hardened and calloused or else breakdown and insanity will ensue" Lawton, p Over time, Lawton was desensitized to the horrendous conditions he and the other men were subjected to.
During his captivity he befriended Lieutenant Henry Leitner and they helped each other survive, especially on the Hellships.
It was not until February when Henry died that Lawton was truly able to feel real emotion again. Malaria, dry and wet beriberi, and dysentery were all common ailments for the men, often resulting in death.
The POWs were never properly fed during their entire captivity. During the night some were known to attack others and try to drink their blood, while others drank their own urine in attempts to quench their undying thirst Lawton, p Beatings were also common to the men along with other, more creative forms of cruelty and torture.
The Japanese were known to rip out fingernails, dunk men by the heels repeatedly into the ocean, or just make men stay out in the extreme weather conditions and die of exposure Lawton, p An account by Shohei Ooka, a Japanese POW, said that Americans provisioned them on the same scale as our own troops and, because our lines of communication were fully established, we had no need of their labour.Gabby Gabreski spent his WWII combat tour with the 56th Fighter Group.
He was the highest scoring ace in Europe in July, , when his Thunderbolt went down. He stayed in the military after the war, and served as CO of the 51st FIW in Korea - and shot down another MiGs, to become "America's Greatest Living Ace".
By the war’s end more than one in three of these prisoners – about 8, – had died.
Most became victims of their captors’ indifference and brutality. Tragically, over a thousand died when Allied submarines torpedoed the unmarked ships carrying prisoners around Japan’s wartime empire.
Of the slightly over 1,, prisoners captured during the war 1 by Anglo-American forces, the mortality rate was under one percent, compared to 4 percent for British and American prisoners in German custody and 25 to 33 percent when in Japanese custody.
Prisoners of War The author’s purpose for writing this book was to tell people what an American soldier’s life was like in World War II, and how the Germans treated prisoners like. I say this because the whole book is about an American medic Miguel, who is trapped behind enemy lines/5(48). Prisoners of War at Camp Myles Standish, Taunton, Massachusetts during World War II William F.
Hanna Massachusetts during World War schwenkreis.comwater Review, 33(2), Camilla Calamandrei’s web essay “italian PO ws held in a merica dur -. Summary. Of the approximately , American prisoners of war (POWs) in World War II (WWII), 27, or more were held by Japan.
Of the approximately 19, American civilian internees held in WWII, close to 14, were captured and interned by Japan.