The Cold War gave American politics and culture a clear and definable enemy that everyone could agree on. The Cold War became a driving force behind popular culture for decades.
When it began, North and South Korea existed as provisional governments competing for control over the Korean peninsula, due to the division of Korea by outside powers. He then pushed north, capturing Pyongyang in October. Chinese intervention the following month drove UN forces south again.
MacArthur then planned for a full-scale invasion of China, but this was against the wishes of President Truman and others who wanted a limited war. He was dismissed and replaced by General Matthew Ridgeway.
The war then became a bloody stalemate for the next two and a half years while peace negotiations dragged on. The Vietnam War began in The Viet Minh began an assassination campaign in early An article by French scholar Bernard Fall published in July concluded that a new war had begun.
The operation was a military success, but after the United States and Soviet Union united in opposition to the invasion, the invaders were forced to withdraw.
This was seen as a major humiliation, especially for the two Western European countries, and symbolizes the beginning of the end of colonialism and the weakening of European global importance, specifically the collapse of the British Empire. Algerian War — — An important decolonization war, it was a complex conflict characterized by guerrilla warfaremaquis fighting, terrorism against civilians, use of torture on both sides and counter-terrorism operations by the French Army.
The war eventually led to the independence of Algeria from France. Internal conflicts[ edit ] Fidel Castro becomes the leader of Cuba as a result of the Cuban Revolution Cuban Revolution — — The overthrow of Fulgencio Batista by Fidel CastroChe Guevara and other forces resulted in the creation of the first communist government in the Western hemisphere.
The Mau Mau began retaliating against the British in Kenya. This led to concentration camps in Kenya, a British military victory, and the election of moderate nationalist Jomo Kenyatta as leader of Kenya.
The wind of destruction began in Rwanda in following the assault of Hutu politician Dominique Mbonyumutwa by Tutsi forces. This was the beginning of decades of ethnic violence in the country, which culminated in the Rwandan Genocide.
Decolonization and Independence[ edit ] Decolonization of former European Colonial empires. The Federation of Malaya peacefully gained independence from the United Kingdom in French rule ended in Algeria inVietnam left French Indo-china in The rival states of North Vietnam and South Vietnam were formed.If the twenty-first century is to be the American century, government must be redirected to its proper and legitimate role.
The growth of government is the greatest tragedy of the twentieth century. For a copy of the complete report from which this essay is taken, please write or call The Institute for Policy Innovation, S.
Stemmons, Suite , . The civil rights movement was a struggle for social justice that took place mainly during the s and s for blacks to gain equal rights under the law in the United States.
The Civil War had. The s Government, Politics, and Law: Overview. After the difficult years of World War II (–45), Americans settled into what they hoped would be a long lasting peace.
Unfortunately, this was not to be. In , just five years after the war's end, the United States found itself involved in another shooting war.
This one was in Korea. The fear of foreign ideas and values created by the McCarthyism scare caused a resurgence in American Conservatism during the s. The government encouraged conformity and political consensus followed.
The s (pronounced nineteen-fifties; commonly abbreviated as the ' 50s or Fifties) was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1, , and ended on December 31, During the '50s, many thought that Secretary of State John Foster Dulles ran American foreign policy, and really, Eisenhower was happy to give this impression—Dulles served as his front man, taking criticism when a policy was unpopular or unsuccessful.