Background[ change change source ] Slave and free states had long been growing more angry at each other, due in part to Abolitionism and Free Soil agitation in the North. The Republican Party was against spreading slavery to places where it was not already legal. After the election, seven Southern states declared their independence from the Union.
Overview Union flag In the presidential electionRepublicansled by Abraham Lincolnsupported banning slavery in all the U. The Southern states viewed this as a violation of their constitutional rights and as the first step in a grander Republican plan to eventually abolish slavery.
The Republican Party, dominant in the North, secured a plurality of the popular votes and a majority of the electoral votes nationally, thus Lincoln was constitutionally elected president.
He was the first Republican Party candidate to win the presidency. However, before his inaugurationseven slave states with cotton -based economies declared secession and formed the Confederacy. The first six to declare secession had the highest proportions of slaves in their populations, a total of 49 percent.
Confederate Army flag Eight remaining slave states continued to reject calls for secession. Outgoing Democratic President James Buchanan and the incoming Republicans rejected secession as illegal. Speaking directly to the "Southern States", he attempted to calm their fears of any threats to slavery, reaffirming, "I have no purpose, directly or indirectly to interfere with the institution of slavery in the United States where it exists.
I believe I have no lawful right to do so, and I have no inclination to do so. The Confederates assumed that European countries were so dependent on " King Cotton " that they would intervene, but none did, and none recognized the new Confederate States of America.
Hostilities began on April 12,when Confederate forces fired upon Fort Sumter. While in the Western Theater the Union made significant permanent gains, in the Eastern Theaterthe battle was inconclusive from — Later, inLincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamationwhich made ending slavery a war goal.
InRobert E. Western successes led to Ulysses S. Inflicting an ever-tightening naval blockade of Confederate ports, the Union marshaled the resources and manpower to attack the Confederacy from all directions, leading to the fall of Atlanta to William T.
Sherman and his march to the sea. The last significant battles raged around the Siege of Petersburg. While the military war was coming to an end, the political reintegration of the nation was to take another 12 years, known as the Reconstruction Era.
Confederate flag, the "Stars and Bars". The American Civil War was one of the earliest true industrial wars. Railroads, the telegraphsteamships and iron-clad ships, and mass-produced weapons were employed extensively. The mobilization of civilian factories, mines, shipyards, banks, transportation and food supplies all foreshadowed the impact of industrialization in World War IWorld War II and subsequent conflicts.
It remains the deadliest war in American history. From toit is estimated thattosoldiers died,  along with an undetermined number of civilians.
Bradford wrote that the issue has been further complicated by historical revisionistswho have tried to offer a variety of reasons for the war. The Republican Party was determined to prevent any spread of slavery, and many Southern leaders had threatened secession if the Republican candidate, Lincolnwon the election.My fascination of the Civil War lies on the naval aspects but I am willing to accept the contribution of the armies to that of the navies.
Of course the battle of Gettysburg is the pinnacle of the war to many but few know much about the other book end that marks the turning point of the war. The watershed event of United States history was the American Civil War (–), fought in North America within the territory of the United States of America, between 24 mostly northern states of the Union and the Confederate States of America, a coalition of eleven southern states that.
The Civil War Civil War Timeline, Battles, Weapons, Generals, Movies and Books. A Salute to all American Veterans North and South.
Civil War Battles, Casualties & Statistics, Generals, Life of a Soldier, Prisoners, & Military. Updated December JUMP TO: BATTLE INFORMATION / CASUALTIES & STATISTICS / MEDICINE. GENERALS & OFFICERS. "It is well that war is so terrible - we should grow too fond of it," states Lee during the fighting.
January 1, - President Lincoln issues the final Emancipation Proclamation freeing all slaves in territories held by Confederates and emphasizes the enlisting of black soldiers in the Union Army.
The war to preserve the Union now . The Civil War Civil War Timeline, Battles, Weapons, Generals, Movies and Books. A Salute to all American Veterans North and South.