Today, Scottish sectionalism is most strongly associated and advocated by the Scottish National Party SNPwhich can be described as both sectionalism and separatist. In the United States[ edit ] Sectionalism in s America refers to the different lifestyles, social structures, customs, and the political values of the North and the South.
Although they opposed permanent tariffs, political expedience in spite of sound economics prompted the Founding Fathers to pass the first U. For 72 years, Northern special interest groups used these protective tariffs to exploit the South for their own benefit.
Finally inthe oppression of those import duties started the Civil War. In addition to generating revenue, a tariff hurts the ability of foreigners to sell in domestic markets. An affordable or high-quality foreign good is dangerous competition for an expensive or low-quality domestic one.
But when a tariff bumps up the price of the foreign good, it gives the domestic one a price advantage. The rate of the tariff varies by industry. If the tariff is high enough, even an inefficient domestic company can compete with a vastly superior foreign company. As early as the Revolutionary War, the South primarily produced cotton, rice, sugar, indigo and tobacco.
The North purchased these raw materials and turned them into manufactured goods. Byforeign manufactured goods faced high import taxes. Foreign raw materials, however, were free of tariffs.
Thus the domestic manufacturing industries of the North benefited twice, once as the producers enjoying the protection of high manufacturing tariffs and once as consumers with a free raw materials market.
The raw materials industries of the South were left to struggle against foreign competition.
Because manufactured goods were not produced in the South, they had to either be imported or shipped down from the North. Either way, a large expense, be it shipping fees or the federal tariff, was added to the price of manufactured goods only for Southerners.
Because importation was often cheaper than shipping from the North, the South paid most of the federal tariffs. Much of the tariff revenue collected from Southern consumers was used to build railroads and canals in the North.
Between and30, miles of track was laid. At its best, these tracks benefited the North. Much of it had no economic effect at all. Many of the schemes to lay track were simply a way to get government subsidies. Fraud and corruption were rampant.
With most of the tariff revenue collected in the South and then spent in the North, the South rightly felt exploited. Although popular movies emphasize slavery as a cause of the Civil War, the war best fits a psycho-historical model of the South rebelling against Northern exploitation.
Many Americans do not understand this fact. A non-slave-owning Southern merchant angered over yet another proposed tariff act does not make a compelling scene in a movie. However, that would be closer to the original cause of the Civil War than any scene of slaves picking cotton.
The Spots and Webs are well-known Opthalmic Symptoms. It is confidently expected that the unfortunate man will go blind. Slavery was actually on the wane. Slaves visiting England were free according to the courts in France, Russia, Spain and Portugal had outlawed slavery.
Slavery had been abolished everywhere in the British Empire 27 years earlier thanks to William Wilberforce. Slavery was a dying and repugnant institution. The rewritten history of the Civil War began with Lincoln as a brilliant political tactic to rally public opinion.
The issue of slavery provided sentimental leverage, whereas oppressing the South with hurtful tariffs did not. Outrage against the greater evil of slavery served to mask the economic harm the North was doing to the South.
Toward the end of the war, Lincoln made the conflict primarily about the continuation of slavery.
The main grievance of the Southern states was tariffs. Although slavery was a factor at the outset of the Civil War, it was not the sole or even primary cause. The Tariff ofcalled the Tariff of Abominations in the South, was the worst exploitation.
It passed Congress to 94 but lost among Southern congressmen 50 to 3. The South argued that favoring some industries over others was unconstitutional. It cited Jefferson and Madison for the precedent that a state had the right to reject or nullify federal law.Reading Log Format Title of the article: Why the War Came: The Sectional Struggle over Slavery in the Territories Author & Date of the Article: David Herbert Donald Author’s Thesis (word for word from the article): “The Kansas Nebraska Act of , the rise of the Republican party, the Dred Scott decision of , the Lincoln-Douglas.
Why the War Came: The Sectional Struggle over Slavery in the TerritorieLincoln Reconsidered: Essays on the Civil War Era: David Herbert schwenkreis.com › › Americas › United States › 19th Century David Herbert Donald, Lincoln biographer and winner of the Pulitzer Prize, has it ushered in the process of rethinking the Civil.
Describe the split over the Declaration of War (sectional & partisan).
Support for war came from the South and West, but also from Republicans in populous middle states such as Pennsylvania and Virginia. Federalists in both North and South damned the conflict, but their stronghold was New England, which greeted the declaration of war.
Why They Came To America Abstract The Irish, Germans and Scandinavians came to the United States for many reasons, freedom, comfort, independence and a chance of a better life.
Each one of these groups of people had similar reasons for taking the long hard journey across the Atlantic Ocean, some came by choice and others like the Irish didn’t have a choice. Sectional Conflict " 'A house divided against itself cannot stand.' And the speed of progress itself held latent dangers for the maintenance of sectional harmony.
New England and the middle Atlantic states were the principal centers of manufacturing, commerce, and finance. and in July , came the turning-point of the war. Believing. Why the War Came 1a. The Northerners thought that slavery was responsible for the?backwardness? of the South. They viewed themselves as equal free men and the Southerners were just lazy and uninstructed.
The Southerners were beginning to believe that all Northerners were abolitionists, and that they had lost sight of basic American values. 1b.